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| Registered in U. &: Patent Ofice

“AN eeeuobaenonad: DAILY _ NEWsP: F

44 a 151

1962 1

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‘BOSTON, 1

‘Shift in Basic Held Essentiz

| All-Out War *

Not Likely

By Joseph C. Harsch

. Special Correspondent of * The Christian Science Monitor

Washington 7 ‘It is time, it seeni¢ to me, that we. seriously the proposi-

Fol

tion that the United States and.

the iy ee of the western commu-

4s laboring under the burden fy a military policy which is out of date; which does not accord

_ either with our avowed natiorial

- policy, or our obvious national in- ° is preparing us in- adequately for the big war which

* probably will never be fought un-

legs Ave persist in wrong military

- planning, and which is not pre-_

paring us for the kind of military _ problems we shail very probably be forced to face in the coming years.

To state this proposition is not to agree with Senator Robert A. Taft (R) of Ohio that the mem- bers of the Joint Chiefs of Staff have, as individuals, merited the loss of our confidence in them, or with Representative F. Eduard Hébert (D) of Louisiana that our armed services are either inordi- nately or unusually wasteful be- eause he has unearthed prewar purchases of 10,000 dozens of oyster forks by the Navy, or war- time purchases by the Army of toenail clippers for dogs.

MacArthur Dismissal

Senator Taft's “loss of conf- dence” was not directed against Military policy but against the wisdom of the joint chiefs in ap- proving the dismissal of- Gen. Dougles MacArthur. And Mr. Hebert is only carrying into a new area an old personal féud with Clayton Fritchey, Director of In-

. formation of the Department of

Defense, who had, as editor of the New Orleans [tém, once editori- ally opposed Mr. Hebert’s candi- dacy for a seat in the House.

Such criticisms of military pol- icy are oblique or superficial: have no serious bearing on what is really wrong with our’ military program, and serve a useful pur- pose only as evidence of a gen- eral restlessness about military policy, a ‘yvestiessness deriving from an instinctive sense that something is wrong, but ‘not yet from careful examination of where or why it-is wrong.

Flip of a Coin Something- of a case can be made out against the members of

the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By offi- cial assertion, there have been

distribution of defense funds among the servites literally have been settled py a flip of a coin. ‘The JCS, as a planning institu- tion, is in need of an overhatling, as its own members recognize, It

guides the three services only in.

the general direction set by a wavering pdlicy and would not have the ability to impose a con- sistent sense of direction on the establishment even if its members possessed a clear and positive sense of direction, which they do

not. : The real trouble goes higher _. than the JCS or the civilian heads

‘of the defense establishment and resides basically in a failure of the administration itself at the

nici

What a aa N lois

In a series of three articles, of which this is the first;, Mr. Harsch discusses a new. type. of American military force ta meet today’s needs, The author has long been fanviliar with all as-— peets of military development in Washington.

very top to accept the best: avail- able assessments of our national situation and national problems and then to translate those as- sessments into a military :policy tailored to the frealities of! today rather than to the discarded hy- potheses of yesterday,

The purposes of this seties of articles is to try, to present in per- spective the discrepancies be- tween political reality and exist- ing military poli¢y and to demon-

| mes ~o a

>

strate therefrom that a truly dan-

gerous gap exists between the two which, if closed, could give us more effective ‘and, incidentally, less expensive Military power. |

The story begins with. the cir- cumstances surrounding the ori- gins of existing military policy. if Was sired in the early weeks o the Korean war by fear out of disagreement over the meariing o the North Korean attack.’ Some counsellors of state argued that the Korean adventure represented the first deliberate move by Mos- cow in a plan'to seize strategic positions as a rer | ‘to the big war. § —~

Believed Midgaleulaticn |

Others held that it represented a miscaleulation by Moscow of western reaction to an experi-+

mental effort to settle by arm one of the several territorial problems existing around the cir+ cumference of the Russian realm, The weight of opinion at the time lay on the side'of the second hy; pothesis. Those holding tp thig view included the top Russian ex+ perts of the State Department, George F.| Kennan and Charles Bohlen. Their views never wer¢ rejected; nor, however, were they ‘accepted as the sound basis of policy: In fact, Mr. Kennan was allowed to retire to’ Princeton University) and) Mr: Bohlen was sent temporarily to Paris. |

Out of eed indecision, | there developed | compromise, pro+ gram. Satiied, of rearming specifi- eally to deal wit the rr war

i “~- eee oe

jlitary. Policy to U

1

5. Safety

Cc ompromise |

Program Hit

Protestants Eye Role In

By Laura Haddock

Stef Correspondent of . The Christion Science Montiar

anid the possibility of other im. | | ited wars, or of rearming against ||

ve presumed certainty of the big | ir, the policy makers decided to} ‘attempt at one and the same tithe to do part of both: but not alk of either. We began building a field army for Korean service |

andl at the same time began lay- |

the industrial base for a full; |

against Soviet Russia.

te t is not surprising that a com- |; ; _ . holding its sessions concurrently |

promise was struck at the time. Failure to prepare in part for a bid war would have exposed the | administration to the frightened | criticism of all who assumed at the time that the big war was coming. Failure to. try to meet the |

challenge in Korea would have |

jeqpardized the confidence of our allies in our willingness to face | up; to the challenge of arms. But | the domestic politica] necessity |

existing in 1950 for compromise is |

no:reason why our military policy | of itoday should continue to re- fiect an indecision which has been | outdated by subsequent reassess- | ments of the political situation.

Shift in Objective

Least of all is it a reason to con- tinue to half prepare for the par- | ticular kind of big war which |;

ceased to be conceivable from the | moment the Russian aircraft in- | dustry produced quantities’ of the | MIG-15 jet fighter able to claw from. the skies the big American |

bombers of the B-29, B-36, and) ©

B-52 types. ! At present, doubt about the wisdom of present military policy is beginning to filter through the Pentagon and questions are being asked .and examined. Some changes are being considered. Yet, actual military planning and pro- | grammi ng still is based on the old | compromise between the theory that we are in the preliminary stage of the big war and the con- trdry theory that, as Winston Churchill stated at Fulton, Mo., in /1946, “the Rugsians are inter- ested not in war, but in the spoils of|war,” and that, therefore, our political -and military planning should be directed at depriving Moscow of “the! spoils of war,” rather than at preparing for the big war which the Russians may | very well have no intention of | fighting, if they can avoid it.

"Parbul Baris Antarctic Move

By ce Special Correspander f "7 The bs ristian Science Monitor

ns when issues involving -

Buenos Aires

There ts th be a pragressive dcoebdins eccupation of the Antarctic, President Peron said when he formally received a

report by Gen, Herman Pujato, wh

dition to the! Far South, By the Antarctic, President

islands, whie been establishing new _ of the Peronigta regime.

Britain protests that this js “trespassing.”

led a recent military expe-

Pe iron means the Argentine-

claimed zone, including the British flependencies of the Falkland h this country refuses to recognize. Argentina has bases in the area almost every year

There Was an

“over heads” shooting incident in Hppe Bay, Graham Land, early last February,-when the British were reviving an old base near one newly established by Argentina.

Speaking before high-ranking army officers, President Perén

said that Argentine rights were not to be discussed, but defended, “The way of defending these in ‘the present case,” he added,

“is te occupy the argentine Astarenie in ‘secordance with a pro-

gressive plan.”

7

oe |

i eeeeteeel oe

ake 7

~

State of Tee Nation

Congress” Ban. on Radio-TV_ Poses Quiz

By ROSCOE DRUMMOND, Chief, Washington 9 jews Barges af The Christian Science Monitor

Washington

The time cannot be far away when. Congress will see that radio and television are here to stay—just. as much as the spinning jenny-and the horse- less buggy.

For some reason the kind of radio and TV coverage which could put the work of congres- sional committees on view in millions of homes seems about as welcome itd the senior leaders of Capitol Hill as J. Edgar Hoover would be at a Communist rally.

At the moment the attitude toward these modern devices which would photograph and record congressional hearings —either for instant or later use on radio and TV—is very much: “Let’s close our eyes and maybe they'll go away.”

Representative Sam _ Ray- burn (D) of Texas, Speaker of the House of Representatives. has ruled that there shall be no televising of any House committee hearings—and the House committees are not free to decide otherwise.

Senator. Pat McCarran (D) of Nevada wants the Senate to go even further. He has just introduced an amendment to the Senate rules which would

completely forbid: any televis-

ing, any radio recording, any photographing of any Senate committee proceeding. (He doesn’t even want still photo-

. graphs made available for use

on the television screen.) eae ep

Why?

Reasons are given, but I am not certain they are the real reasons the senior congressmen are sO. Wary of, radio and tele- vision,

‘The given teasons are:

That -radio recording and

televising eu da congressional |

b

hearings would or are likely to violate the rights of indiv id+ ual witnesses,

That radio) | and TV might impair the ecorum of the comnmnttee prog¢eedings.

That such | @overage would likely be fragmentary and one-sided, |

These are the reason$ for’ mally advanced for holding radio and TV at a (distance, They ‘are {Hemselves | very arguable. | | |

For example, Congress does not leave it to the | indi+ vidual witnesses to determine whether or Mot its hearings will be open to the public and to the press. The comniittees make that decision. But im arguing that! the interests of witnesses rule out radio and television coverage congress men are perniitting thege in+ terests to determine that even when the pres§ may cover the hearings,) the’ newer igstru- ments of journalism—audible and visual spurnalism-—may not. | When the hearings are pub lie, why should’ t every imstru- ment of ¢ommunication be al lowable to make the he@rings as fully public: as possiblé? |

It is contendéd that radio ang TV coverage’ may be ‘fragt mentary and jone-sided, but no evidence has by

is true, As a

this whole argu+ '

} assumption. If the congressmen think radio © and TV havé been one-sided, why ene y offer ea a to prove point? |

Phe Chica ¢ Bar Association inquir cenc PnCe.

our notion

into a man’ before ain pnal audi But there many col sional heari which afe no

er

not | ;

s a cueeemegne ne ee epee tioenan e

iriquiries into a man’s guilt or | innocence, and the proposed | radio| and TV. ban permits) no jdiscretion Furthermore, there Has been np controlling court decision | which establishes the conten+ tion that radio recording and télevising of hearings do violate the rights | of witnesses. ee SERS

i THe teleyising of the United Nations Sécurity Council has not {proved discommoding or undignified and has been ja valuable means of increasing public interest and knowledge of its work.

| Senator Estes ‘Kefauver, whbse ¢rime - investigating eommittee used television | to constructive purpose,-—does not accept any of these arguments as valid. “The Senate,” he says, “must maintain decorum, but

vision differently from other | means of communication.”

It is certainly eiaieet eddie that under somé conditions, in same particular kinds of hear-

itygs, witnesses would. find their |

rights. adversely affected . by télevision . coverage. But to make this contention the basis | for a meat-ax banning radio and TV coverage of all

n presented to . congressional hearings suggests | |

at there are some congres- gional leaders who are more interested in shielding | their tics from the public in eeping, so far as

ese hearings in the a | one of a private clu tendre intended t

king Congress into the homes |

the voters. ) | Maybe it is not the witnesses

hom Congress is trying to:

rotect—but the con 4 sana at

A AE RE A Ne a a i ay |

whatsoever, |

congressional

Wercester, Mass. To wees extent and

ganizations should pursue action

meeting auspices of Cou neil of

interchurch convention ihere under the ‘the Massachusetts | Churches,

The New England annual con- ference of the Methodist Church,

(with the. interchurch meetjngs, | plunged headforemost' into a dis- cussion today of such contro- ‘\versial issues as civil liberties, | the repea}] of the McCarran Act,

the indiscriminate labeling of per- |

sons as Communists or subver- 'sives, the fallacy of attempting ito halt communism by military strength alone, and the soundness of the American public school | systen).

At the same time, the Rev. Albert Buckner Coe, president of the Massachusetts Congregational | | Conference, 'meeting of: that group that his | own church was under attack for | its concept of social action.

He said that a group of Con- | gregationalists, especially from |California, Minnesota, and Néw | York, inclined to be rightist in thelr sentiments on world afteirs,

| were accusing the Congregational |

| Church’s Council on Social ActiOn ‘of being communistic,

‘Lobbying Opposed

“They object to our lobbying ‘ih Congress, for instance,”

Rev. Dr. Coe observed. “Now, i\believe firmly in obeying \laws, and the law requires is

man registered as a lobbyist.

| But it is by no means true that!

there is anything communistic

| about the council, and I see noth- |

‘ing so very wrong in lobbying as ' such,

“I am sorry to say that these!

; people, who I am sure dre wholly sincere even though completely mistaken, apparently have plenty

of money behind them, They have |

‘already issued a well-printed pamphiet, and Iam quite sure ithey will be sending out others in the future. It is my hope that | we can reach our people with the | /tyuth before that happens.”

‘At a press conference, Bishop | John Wesiey Lord, resident of the | Methodist Church in Boston, said, “J do not feel we go far enough when we merely say the accusa- tions. against our. sotial action groups are not true, that is, when

; nistic.

“I think we should be more | positiv e and fearless in our leader- | ship. It is- true that on many | points the Christian

‘groups and the Communists. are)

iin accord. One of these, for ex- ample, is good housing for every- lone, But for anyone to say we are communistic because we lagree with the Commies on the ineed for good housing, ‘is simply | fantastic.

‘Fearless Champion “Vat we

misguided. critics.

tidn tradition based on fearless

| championing of thé right?”

The Rt. Rev. Norman Burdett

Nash, president of the Massachu-

setts Council of Churches and Episcopal Bishop of Massachu- setts, delivering the address at a banquet last night in Memorial | Auditorium which marked the | 50th anniversary of the council, ' praised. the “great diversity of activity, the flexibility of the pro- 'gram, and the resolute, common }purpose of those who have con- | vincedly participated.

“But neither can } in inaalais to note,” he said,

candor “that

(URSDAY, “MAY za, | 5

‘World Today

in what } ifields the Protestant religious or- |

‘in world events today was a strong thread of contern which) iran throughout the Massachusetts |

Dr. |

told the 153d annual |

the | we | the | that | lobbyists register as such, and our |

we declaré we are not commnus |

religious |

should go on working | and speaking for good housing, | without fear and in spite of these | What are we, afraid of? Isn’t the whole Chris- |

|

OO BOR Fe

Gen. Matthew B, Ridgway’s address to Congress and the nation was carried over a nationwide NBC network.

ORR PCO

ennai: seemed

‘Truman Reiterates Right To Seize Basie Industrie

By Neal Stanford

Stag Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Washington

President Truman, despite de- ‘nials that he was in any way | prejudging the steel-seizure case ‘now before the United States | Supreme Court, has ¢mphatically if not vehemently:

1, Declared that he has inherent right as President to seize any basic industry (if in his judgment a national emer- gency exists) and neither the courts nor the Congress can take that power away from him; Asserted that if the Su- preme Court decides that the seizure of the- steel mills was ‘illegal he will return |them to the owners, and then walt to see what happens:

3. Indicated brought on ' emergency

the

*) heey

if that >

another national in his view—or if any other domestit situation threatened the nation’s welfare —he would again ust his inher- ent constitutional right of seizure.

that

Jumps Inte Dispute

The President at his weekly | press conference jumped into this dispute over his ¢ponstitutiona! | powers, at first with reluctance but eventually with energy and heat—so much so that at one point his press secretary, Joseph Short, whispered to his chief the wisdom of. avoiding this red-hot issue while it was before the nine black-robed justices at the other end of Pennsylvania Avenue.

White Housé spokesmen later ‘took it upon themsdives to ex- | plain the President’ outspoken essertions as no maneuver to in- fluence a Supreme Court ruling but only to nail down the Presi- dent’s conviction (that each branch of the government has in- herent constitutional powers that the other ‘two cannot 'wipe out. In other words, the President feels just as strongly that he cannot ‘invade inherent. constitutional _powers of the courts or of the | Congress though! his present emphasis is on their lack of power to move into what he regards as his constitutional preserve.

Explanations and’ interpreta- _tions, however, do not dilute the record of Mr. Truman’s repeated assertion that nobody could take from a President the inherent rights granted him under the Constitution among which he held is the right to geize proper- ties if such a step is| necessary to protect the welfare df the nation.

He did agree that! theoretically there was a way by which he 'could be deprived | of what he claims is an inheren{ right of the presidency namely, through amendment of the /Constitution, specifically denying the President the pow er to seize > basic ¢ or funda~

se a mmm

ye een a %

the needs and opportunities for |

French Communists Plan

always

cooperativé work have readi-

\far exceeded the general iness to cooperate.

'and surrendered too little inde- pendence, to enable federation or council to fulfill adequately’ the crying demands of the Massachu- | Setts situation.”

|. He declared that, in the pres- ence of such world evils as na- tionalism, mammon, and. militant communism, ing the allegiance of millions, only |

and an increase of and accord” are strong enough to | win world allegiance.

The interchurch

}cussion groups on 17 church-re- |

‘day religious education, . “the | Christian approach to the prob- lems of alcoholism,” civil liber- ties, the New England textile 'Situation,; press relations, and young people. i

_" Methodists told need of in- dustrial I contacts: Page 2.

Businessmen Told

Of Big Job Abroad.

.By the United Preds

Garden City, N.Y.

Gov. Thomas £. ‘Dewey has |

warned that American business- |

men going abroad must work to

tries that the white man is the | symbol of ‘exploitation and colo- nialism. | .

| * He said the United States is losing to Communism in the battle for men’s minds because “we just don’t haye the people with the | ‘seroeg ge ell to make friends in | Asia,

».

“The denominations have al- | ways been so careful lest they | | give too much that they have, in | fact, contributed too Jittle money,

secularism, | claim- |

a lessening of denominationalism | “godly union |

dispel the feeiing in Asiatic coun-—

~-

Ss

mental industries. However, ‘he expressed his confidence that the’ people of America would never iso | dangerously tie the hands of their chief executive.

Reporters Surprised

The President at one point jin his discussion. of his constitutiozjal | powers asserted, to the surprise | of the newsmen, that he never. had read the much- publicized | ruling by District Court Judge | David A. Pine that the President's seizure of the steel mills was illegal and unconstitutional. While such a statement might be con- | strued literally, and therefore curately, to include every artiqle | and preposition of the rather ek- | tensive finding, it can be takpn for granted that the President {is as familiar with the substance jot | the Pine finding as is the Wash- ington press corps.

In his opening remarks on this subject, before he really became warmed up to the basic issue jof inherent rights, the President ex-

pressed the belief that the qués-_

tion before the Supreme Court did mot deal with those rights. This attitude, while unexplained,

peared to stem from his somirletiees that as the court had no power | to imterfere

authority he found it ripe: to believe it would try

The President would Ss the fi -—and today he appeared to be last—to tlaim that his public d larations were not In ahy w prejudging the court or could fe ceivably influence any of justices.

Specific Authority

In reply to a question as to haw he felt labor-management disputes should be settled, the President said he favored enactment of} a new law giving the President | specific authority to deal with | strikes in fundamental industries. | He expressed the belief that such | a law should contain a provisipn | for seizure, thus making prvi 3 what he considefs his inhergnt

e |

|

power if only to avoid the indus- | )

trial and legal battle that is now | being waged over his seizuré} Lot | the steel mills. The. President's comments ion the steel case followed some vpl- untary remarks on the gegen wh of the three-year-old at wage dispute. He said he ot turning the roads to private a ha agement as soon as he could get | the papers signed, and ginenntod | that the settlement could hdve | come in 1950 as well as this wéek if people would only abide by the law. He gave his assistanf; Jabn R, Steelman, full credit for hav- ing brought this dispute to an epd.

2

Protest Against Ridgway

The World 's Day

, Pai.

| In Europe: Brench Alert 15,000 Riot Police

| Fifteen thousand rid nists ordered five

it police were alerted as the French Commu-

days of demonstrations against Gen. Matth B. Ridgway “Bit ree tomorrow. | |

The lurgest mail robbery in Britain’s history now stands at $560,0

stolen from an armored truck near the heart of London May

Prime Minister CH on the affair to ae

urchill’s governient has promised a statement th houses of Parliament.

: i

convention, Washington: Living Costs Near All-Time Peak

closed today with a series of dis- | The government reported a slight. rise in living costs that basal

its index to within a shade of the all-time peak.

it | ‘can’t treat radio and tele-/ lated subjects, including week- House investigators have written a report accusing the Air For¢e of, attempting to s¢t uD an independent supply empire in —_T

of congressional! w ishes.

National: ‘Ike”| Supporters Urged to Back Warren',

Eisenhower campaign officials are urging supportérs of “Ike” to v ote _ for Governor Wafren—in the hope that Warren will throw his delegates to Eisenhower at the GOP convention.

Boston: Park

ing Enforcement Brings Protests.

Boston, which has plans te spend more than $20 million for. off- street parking facilities to relieve its progressively worse traffic (the first session July 10, 1951,

congestion, finds { corrects the situa | tests from those | A $2,616,553 M

hat strict enforcement of parking regulations

ion “100 per cent,” but brings storms of pr ied special parking privileges, [Page 7.] usetis state deficiency budget. $31,369 hi

than the amount tequested by Governor Dever, was revorted

vorably by the deficiencies for

Far East: Jap: _ Ejkiehi Araki, aa | e the attack on Pea United States fichte a huge Communist Pyongyang, and i

use Committee on Ways and Means to cove ‘° year ending June 30, 1952. i

ese Ambassador En Route to U. apanese ambassador to the United States sing fl Harbor, left Tokye for Washington. r-bombers, in a dawn-to-dusk attack, smash@ supply ar#a between the North asset capite is port, Chinnanpo. |

i} i

|Weather Predictions: Clearing, Cooler (Dea + Page ,

. r .

eee Dil ad

By Roland Sosivas Staff Corresppndent of The Christian

In broad terms Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. bike's to Congress what he termed the “incalculable portance” of keeping Japan as an ally of the western

aa

Science a

ae

In general terms, also, General Ridgway has warned Can« . © gress and the taxpayers that the United States will have to pay a pricé for this “relationship of vital importance to the

‘national welfare of: both nations.” But the former supreme commander of Allied forces

| the

Far East, how on his way to Europe as Gen. Dwight D. hower’s: Suceessor, saved his frankest words and

for less formal occasions and for private expression. edged to Congress that his ad- &@

lightly touched “great | problems”

only the

. dress | upon” | ahead.

‘UN Cause Praised This occasion was completely different in tone and temper from

_that of Gen. Douglas: MacArthur,

when the latter addressed Con- ' gress slightly more than a. year ago, when he came from Tokyo to Washington, no longer a steward .of national policy in the Far East but its challenger.

Then emotion and politica] ten- |sion held the crowded chanber in’ a vise. Now it was relaxed. ‘General Ridgway was no critic. Indeed, a few hours béfore Speak- er of the House Sam ‘Rayburn introduced him to the Congress, General Ridgway had praised the United Nations cause in Korea’ in words that have not been ‘heard for a long -time, in Wash- ingt on. He had said:

“There is not now nor) can there be in the future any ques- tion of the validity and purpose of the American -stand against that. deliberately planned, un- prov oked aggression.:

“To have done otherwise than meet the~ challenge in Korea would have been a _ repudiation ‘of every principle we had) pre- viously professed. To do other- Wise than oppose aggression in the future, within our capabili- ties, will be to acknowledge as sterile every sacrifice America has: made since it obtained inde- pendence.” |

U.S. Responsibility Cited Then he stood upon the podium

in the executive’s| of the House, whe residents, imherent constitutional roe "SP le

en- .On-=-

prime ministers, and other erals have stood, and told

|gress that he had left. Tokyo with

{the Japanese at., "s4 e] “presently walking with us.” “Whether they continue or not is a responsibility which rests 'rather more on us in the immedi- _ate future than on them, for’ our | Strength is superior, our resources immeasurably greater, and ours is the role of leadership.” This responsibility,

y

Gener al

| Ridgway said, embraces the resur-

‘rection of the Japanése as a full and independent nation, which means reestablishment of Japan’s economy and reconstruction of-its military forces. Beyond these outlines, General Ridgway was | admittedly sketchy. But most any member of Congress, it is be- lieved. could s@e that he implied:

That, the United States must continue to underwrite the Jap- anese é€conomy for a long time, | as no nation can rearm itself from .an island that must obtain large percentages of its coal and ore

from overseas, from an ——_ that must_ import , quantities of raw materials to manufacture for ex~ port, or from an island where—as General Ridgway said—‘“the basic essentials of life are in chronic . short supply.”

Meaning Thned Out

This means, undoub - justments in American pre 4 oe ye high a ations for the mili def of the Japanese Nouns tadesee aaa supplies to rebuild the nu-_ . cleus of a new army, materials. % and funds to boild up Japan's . merchant marine, and i problems in the diplomatic where the United States must aia | evolution of these economic-mili- tary tasks in harmony with Pacific world, Australia: in ular, where there is no for the Japanese to this day after the fears of a decade ao. b

The solution to such problems would be difficult eno if: the old economic ties with nchuria and the rest of China were cut off. But they are not m cut off. The lands -which once brought prosperity. to tau, : through trade and natural re< sources are in the hands of the

ommunists, who now seek to use therm to gain control of Japan itself.

Propaganda N oted

The. truce: talks ip Korea have proved, General Ridgway told Congress, that the use of propa- ganda by the Communists—such as charges that the United Na- tions hag used germ warfare there —stands “as a monumental ing to the American people the free world.” General laid emphasis on this, ne

. ch ah

cating, d

ean Be acb yen, these: . charges. should impress upon brains of those

refuse to see the

muni$¢m the) confronts us and |

At ‘this point, General R told Congress that the UN truce delegates have made hono and logical proposals to the | munists on the issues of ai | construction, pation of Rus~- sia as a miémber of a Korean su-|— visory ec and forcie ble repatriation of war prisoners, “Acceptance or rejection, cessa- tion er continuance of hostilities in Korea,” he said, “is now the responsibility of the Communist leaders.”

es to UN explolis tribute Sag Con- gress to in Korea conflict: Page 15 row

: co

lJ oy Charges Bad Faith

In Fi lery

By the United Dai Koje Island, Korea Communist prisoners: of war have posted guards in- side the barbed wire of no- torious Compound 76 to pre- vent fellow caperres ~— escaping.

By Henry 8 S, Hayward.

Chic} Far Eastern Corrkesenteut of The Christian Monitor

Tokyo

Stinging charges of Communist ‘lack of good faith during the | armistice negotiations have been leveled at the enemy delegation by Vice-admiral C. Turner Joy, outgoing chief of the United Na- | tions team at. the | Panenpon | truce. conference.

| The war+prisoner | situation’ in Allied prigon camps! on Koje Island meanwhile crackled with tension despite indicationg | that firm Allied treatment was begin- ining to pay off.

| Turning the “unenviable j¢b of further dealing” with the Com- 'munists over to Maj. Gen. William ‘A Harrison, Admiral Joy said,

“there is nothing left to negotiate. |

After 19 months and 12 days, I feel there is manne mer for -me to do.”

he: for Time Charged

summarized his tour: of duty, de- claring: “You did hot ent

Blast at Reade |

was unable to understand the uw attitude, Admiral Joy procl to his silent opponents: _

“Apparently you cannot com= prehend that strong, nations can make costly 2 for principles cae ae they are. strong, can be dignified in the - face of abuse and Bae gu : they are can honestly io are free _ oe. fear co truth,”

e added, “No amount of prope.

however oft

-~

ae

‘TRE CHE . STIAN St ENCE, MONITOR, _ BOSTON,

> Told A *. * | t ere >

18: PLCC EO

is

5 as el Hh oe Lt) Bas HS 3

By Betty Driscoll met

Stef Writer of The Christian Science Npatcer

By Everett M. reastsh Stef Writer of : The Christian Science Monitor | Metnhont Ten chess Union Retail prices of foods anid other | brings to the surface a © §i commodities and. services con- | standing public school | tinued to seesaw up and down in | School authorities say.

1ac2ne ot the most conroveril

Massachusetts

State yederation of Women’s Clubs here at the New Ocean. House,

Senator Whittier, who is Re- publican candidate for Lieut- enant Governor, stressed the fact that the obligations of a democra- cy have to be worked at-—that there “is no easy way.”

“The most dangerous menace

lurking at the fringes of democra- |.

‘. cy is the person swho quits, who

will not go to the polls, within | whom the crusading flame of de- mocracy has died,” he said.

The indifferent citizen, “the man or women who negiects the ‘obligation of citizenry,” Senator

Whittier termed as ‘“‘the greatest threat to this nation.”

Corrapt government officials | - and communism, Senator Whittier | said, were the two other great threats to. the country.

Corruption Eyed

R corruption

ernment, Senator Whittier said, | , “America has the strength to seek | out the officé holder who would

4

in gov-

tarnish his office iwth the accept-_

ance of bribes or associations with Shocking and tawdry Vas many recent revelations have

- been, it must be pointed out that

men—honest, decent men—=still went seeking and exposing the thieves and the crooks.”

Communism is a threat, the senator pointed out, because it at- tacks us not only by force of arms but also by force of ideas.

“In times like these with the | world divided, half slave, half | free,” he said, “it is not enough to | export moné¢y and arms and ma- terialism alone; we must export | ideals and inspiration. We must. export a faith and a belief in our way of life.” 3

Greek Children Case

Included in the. business sched- uled to come before the meeting is a resolution reiterating the ‘General Federation of Women’s Clubs stand at the recent conven- tion in Minneapolis in which ap-

' :

| are ae

| women and

preciation was expressed at the progress being made by the Gov->

faced with making a decision is}

~ age ie for junior member-

men yebr; th in their ier | the junior high school to 30 years.

t is felt by junior ¢lubwome that any ‘change should worked out by the junior el of the.lotal community and the senior club, under the auspices of which juniors are formed. Thus, the juniors recommend that’ the bylaw be changed ing out the age-limit- « adding in the line begir maximum age of”) t “members of a junio club. shall be determined by ee respective groups involved.” |

Fund-Raising Activity :

The evening divisions which

w changes to make

not able to clubwomen’g afternoon meetings, are actually divisions of the senior club, Dues are paid